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Server interview questions answers



1)      Explain what is Windows Server?

Window server is a series of server operating system developed by Microsoft Corporation.


2)      Explain in windows DNS server what is Primary, Secondary and Stub zone?

In windows DNS server,

Primary Zone: In this, the file is saved as normal text file with filename (.dns).
Secondary Zone: It maintains a read-only copy of zone database on another DNS server.  Also, it acts as a back-up server to the primary server by providing fault tolerance and load balancing
Stub Zone: It consists of a copy of name server and SOA records which is used for reducing the DNS search orders.
3)      Explain what does IntelliMirror do?

IntelliMirror helps to reconcile desktop settings, applications and stored files for users especially for those users who move between workstations or those who works offline

4)      In the case when MSI file is not available, how you can install an app?

To add the application using the Software Installer.ZAP text file can be used rather than the windows installer

Primis Player Placeholder

5)      Explain how you can set up remote installation procedure without giving access to user?

To do that, you have to go to,

gponameà  User Configuration à Windows Settings à Remote Installation Services à Choice Options

6)      What does it mean by “tattooing” the Registry ?

“ Tattooing” the registry means user can modify and view user preference that are not stored in the maintained portions of the Registry.  Even if the group policy is changed or removed, the user preference will still persist in the registry.

7)      Mention how many types of queries DNS does?

The types of queries DNS does are

Iterative Query
Recursive Query
Window Server

8)      Explain what is the primary function of the domain controller?

Primary function of the domain controller is to validate users to the networks, it also provide a catalog of Active Directory Objects.

9)      What information is required when TCP/IP is configured on Window Server?

To configure a TCP/PI client for an IPv4 client, you have to provide the IP address and the subnet mask.

10)   Explain what does it mean caching only server in terms of DNS?

The caching only DNS server provides information related to queries based on the data it contains in its DNS cache.

11)   Explain what is the way to configure the DHCP server such that it allocates the same IP address to certain devices each time the address is removed?

To configure the DHCP server, you can create a reservation for the device.  To create a reservation, you must know the MAC hardware address of the device.  To determine the MAC address for a network device you can use the ipconfig or nbs tat command line utilities.

12)     Explain what is LDAP?

To look up for the information from the server, e-mail and another program follows or uses the internet protocol. This protocol is referred as LDAP or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol.

13)   Explain what is SYSVOL folder?

It is a set of files and folders that is stored on the local hard disk of each domain controller in a domain and are replicated by the FRS ( File Replication Service).  These files contain group or user policy information.

14)   Explain what is the difference between a thread and a computer process?

Computer Process: In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is executed sequentially by a computer system which can run several computer programs concurrently.

Thread: A thread is a several executable program that work together as a single process.  For instance, one thread might send an error message to the user; another might handle error signals while the third thread might be executing the original action.

15)   Explain what is INODE?

INODE holds the metadata of files; INODE is a pointer to a block on the disk, and it is unique.

In simple words, it is a unique number allocated to a file in UNIX-like OS.

16)   Explain what is RAID in Windows Server?

For storing same data at a different place RAID or Redundant Array of Independent Disks strategy is used. It is a strategy for building fault tolerance and increase the storage capacity. On separate drives it allows you to combine one or more volumes so that they are accessed by a single drive letter

17)   Explain what is the purpose of deploying local DNS servers?

A local DNS server provides the local mapping of fully qualified domain names to IP addresses.  To resolve remote requests related to the domains names on your network, local DNS servers can provide record information to remote DNS servers.

18)   To check TCP/IP configurations and IP connectivity, what are the two command line utilities that can be used?

Ipconfig: To check the computer’s IP configuration, command ipconfig can be used and also it can be used to renew the client’s IP address if it is provided by a DHCP server.

Ping: To check the connection between the local computer and any of the other computer device on the network Ping command is used


19)   Explain if it is possible to connect Active Directory to other 3rd party Directory services?

Yes, you can connect other vendors directory services with Microsoft version.  By using dirXML or LDAP to connect to other directories.

20)   Explain where is the AD database is held?

AD database is saved in %systemroot%/ntds.  Files that controls the AD structure are

21)   Explain what is the major difference between NTFS ( New Technology File System) or FAT (File Allocation Table) on a local server?

For local users FAT (File Allocation Table) and FAT32 provides security, while NTFS ( New Technology File System) provides security for domain users as well as local users.  NTFS provides file level security which is not possible through FAT32.

22)   Mention what windows server 2008 service is used to install client operating system over the network?

WDE ( Windows Deployment Services ) allows you to install client and server operating systems over the network to any computer with a PXE enabled network interface 




1. In the context of the Registry, how do you define “tattooing”?

“Tattooing” the registry suggests that customers can change and view the preference of the customers that are not placed away in the preserved prescribed Registry portions. Irrespective of the assembly approach is evacuated or changed, the preference of the client will currently be kept in the registry.

2. What is an Active Directory?

Active Directory is an organization of the inventory in a library to gather objects such as computers, customer profiles, etc. It effectively controls the framework through Domain Controllers that are available at many zones with the database of the Active Directory. A section of the limits fuse dynamic association with numerous land zones, check of computers and customers in the space offered by windows, using the Domain Controller to copy Active Directory. In accumulation to that these lines will be returned to every Domain Controllers.

3. Distinguish between a computer process and a thread.

Computer Process

In computing, a process is a computer program case that is performed repeatedly by a computer, that can run numerous programs on computer at the same time.


A thread comprises the many executable programs that collaborate as a solitary process. For instance, a thread might send a notification error to the customer; an alternative might contract with the signals of error although the third thread may perform the primary action.

4. What do you know about authorizing DHCP Servers in Active Directory?

In case, a DHCP server is to function in an Active Directory domain (and the domain controller is not used to running it) it should first be approved to Active directory.

5. What Is Group Policy?

Group Policy is a Microsoft Windows NT feature that is also a family of OS that manages the work setting of computer accounts and user accounts. Group Policy offers the central configuration management and of OS, users’ settings, and applications in an Active Directory setting.       

6. List flexible single master operations (FSMO) roles by Windows Server?

Following are some of the roles of FSMO:

Infrastructure Master
Schema Master
RID Master
Domain Naming Master

7. What do you understand by domains, forests and trees?

The rational units of any organization of Active Directory are usually called tree, domain, and forest. Various articles in the procedure of a rational section join accompanying: customers, computers, devices, etc. that share an analogous active database registry that is normally known as a “domain”.

A tree is an assortment of domains in the Active Directory that starts at one root and branches out into child domains, peripheral. This might similarly comprise an adjoining namespace linked in a transitive order.

The domains collection is often known as “forest” that shares general logical structure, inventory, registry pattern and registry setup. It typifies the limits of security for groups, clients, and devices for example computers.

8. What is Group Policy Objects (GPO) and list different kinds of GPO?

The setting that controls the client records the workplace, and also computer records, are called Group Policy Object (GPO). This help is describing the programming establishment, security alternatives, upkeep choices and library-based arrangements, folder redirection choices and content choices. There are usually 2 categories of GPO:

Local GPO: These are put away on close devices.

Nonlocal GPO: These are available on Active Directory and are put away on a domain controller.

9. Can we link third-party Directory service to an Active Directory?

Yes, why not, it is possible to link third-party directory services to Active Directory with by using different versions of Microsoft. dirXML or LDAP can be used to link Active Directory to other retailers.

10. What commands you will use to check TCP/IP configurations?

The 2 most often used check TCP/IP configurations commands are:

Ipconfig: To check the IP setup of the computer, we can use the command Ipconfig and additionally it can be very well applied to reestablish the IP address of the users if it is specified by a DHCP server.

Ping: To check the link among the computer in use and the other computers, we can use the Ping command.

11. What do you know about working of IntelliMirror?

IntelliMirror supports to settle settings of desktop, stored files and applications for users especially the one who move among workstations and works offline.

12. How you can install an app MSI file when the is not available?

To install the application without using the MSI file, the Software Installer. ZAP text file can be used in its place.

What is the domain controller’s basic function?

The domain controller function is to verify customers to many networks and bring a set of objects that involved the Active Directory.

13. What is the goal of installing local DNS servers?

A local DNS server offers the local mapping of fully competent domains to IP addresses. To resolve requests concerning the domains on network, local DNS servers can offer record data to distant DNS servers.

14. What’s new in Windows Server 2019?

It is the latest window server version that uses the shortened LTSC or long-term servicing channel. Some of the most dominant features if the new windows server 2019 are:

Support for Kubernetes
Storage Space Direct
Storage Replica
Improved Windows Defender
Windows Subsystem for Linux
Other GUI new features from Win10 version 1809
Storage Migration Service
System Insights

15. What is Windows Server’s default user interface?

Windows PowerShell is said to be the default user interface and command-Line Shell made by Microsoft. The main goal of the PowerShell is to systematize administrative tasks that work both remote and local windows machines. .NET Framework is used to build PowerShell.

16. What is INODE?

The file’s metadata are kept by INODE holds; INODE is said to be a unique pointer to a disk block. You can also say that it is a unique number owed to a file in UNIX-like Operating system.

17. Explain what is RAID in Windows Server?

For storing the same data at a different place RAID or Redundant Array of Independent Disks strategy is used. It is a strategy for building fault tolerance and increase storage capacity. On separate drives it allows you to combine one or more volumes so that they are accessed by a single drive letter

18. What Are the System Administrator Roles?

The System Administrator role varies in the organization. The 2 key System Admin tasks are Supporting, Installing and maintaining computers & servers.

Install patches & OS Updates
Access user’s administration
Creating and Restoring system backups
Access control
Review system logs access administration
Planning Disaster recovery
Comply with password needs
System audit logging
19. Can you name Different Version of Windows Server?

The version of windows servers till now are:

Windows Server 2003 (2003)
Windows Server 2003 R2 (2005)
Windows Server 2008 (2008)
Windows Server 2008 R2 (2009)
Windows Server 2012 (2012)
Windows Server 2012 R2 (2013)
Windows Server 2016 (2016)
20. What is the global catalog?

The Global Catalog is a kind of database that comprises all of the data relating to objects in Active Directory environment domains.

21. Explain the difference between local, universal and global groups?

Domain local groups allocate access approvals to international groups of domains for local resources of the domain. Global groups offer access to other trusted domains’ resources. The Universal groups grant access to all trusted domains resources.

22. Can Active Directory Partitions Be Restored?

We can authoritatively restore the objects from domain and configuration partition. Authoritative restores of schema-naming are not supported here.

23. Explain different types of active directory partitions.

Configuration Partition– it is a partition that stores all the data of Active Directory. The data comprises site-link, Site, subnet etc. This partition copies all domain controllers that are available in the Forest.

Application Partition– it stores the information of applications in Active Directory. For examples DomainDNSZones and ForestDNSZones.

Schema Partition–It stores all the information of the objects and their qualities; it copies to other domain controllers in the Forest

Domain Partitions– it stores the domain information that includes a computer, user, printer, group, etc. It also copies to all domain controllers in the domain.

24. What is a Proxy Server?

It is a computer that is actually a doorway between a local network (such as all computers in one organization or in a building) and a larger-scale system such as the Internet. Proxy servers offer increased security and performance. In most of the cases, they monitor employees using outside resources.

25. What is WINS server?

Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) servers map the IP addresses to NetBIOS names. This lets employers access resources by name of the computer rather than the IP address. To keep a check on the IP addresses and names of other computers network, this computer can be configured as a WINS server.

We may not able to connect to a remote network through its NetBIOS name, in case you are not using WINS in a network,

26. Define Dora Procedure & its usage.

Discover, request, Offer and acknowledgement. it is used to automatically allocate an IP address to systems of the client.

27. In which order the GPOs are applied?

We can apply the GPO is an order of

Local Group Policy object site,
Domain and
organizational units.
28. Can you state a few benefits of GPMC?

One of the major benefits of GPMC is its easy management of all GPOs diagonally the whole Active Directory Forest View of GPOs in one list. We can do the GPOs backup and restore, Immigration of GPOs across many forest and domains.

29. How you will do the backup for Group policy?

For back up, one single GPO, right-click the GPO and then click Back Up.
For backup, all GPOs in the domain, right-click Group Policy Objects and click Back Up All.
30. What is the group nesting?

When we add one group as an element of another group is known as ‘group nesting’. It also helps in easy management and reduced traffic replication.

31. What is Domain control?

A domain controller is a server that manages the security requests from other servers and computers in the Windows Server domain. There are two kinds of the domain controller that is a backup domain controller and a primary domain controller. The primary domain controller emphasis on services of the domain to avoid the system possibility of a crash or slowing down because of the overtasking from handling other security requests and functionality. If the primary domain controller goes down, a backup domain controller is promoted and become the primary domain controller to preserve the server systems working appropriately.

32. What is tree?

A tree is actually a collection of domains in the Active Directory that starts at one root and branches out into child domains, peripheral. This can similarly comprise an adjoining namespace linked in a transitive order. An Active Directory forest is an assortment of Active Directory trees, just like a real-world forest. 





Question 1. What Are The Roles Of System Administrator?

Answer :

The role of System Administrator differs in the organization. The three main task of a System Admin is Installing, Supporting and maintaining servers & computers.

Install patches & OS Updates
Review system logs access administration
Access administration for users
Disaster recovery planning
Creating and Restoring system backups
Comply with password requirements
Access control
System audit logging
Question 2. What Is The Different Version Of Windows Server?

Answer :

The following are are the different version of windows servers:

Windows Server 2003 (2003)
Windows Server 2003 R2 (2005)
Windows Server 2008 (2008)
Windows Server 2008 R2 (2009)
Windows Server 2012 (2012)
Windows Server 2012 R2 (2013)
Windows Server 2016 (upcoming – 2016)
Network Technical Support Interview Questions
Question 3. What Are The Different Roles In Windows Server?

Answer :

The following are the different roles in Windows server:

Active Directory Certificate Services (ADCS)
Active Directory Domain Services (ADDS)
Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS)
Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (ADLDS)
Active Directory Rights Management Services (ADRMS)
Application Server
DHCP Server
DNS Server
FAX Server
File and Storage Services
Print and Document Services
Network Policy and Access Services
Remote Access
Remote Desktop Services
Volume Activation Services
Web Server (IIS)
Windows Deployment Services (WDS)
Windows Server Update Services (WSUS)

Question 4. What Is Dns?

Answer :

Domain Naming System(DNS) resolves IP address to the hostname(domain) and hostname(domain name) to IP address.

Networking Tutorial
Question 5. What Is Dhcp?

Answer :

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) helps in automatically allocation IP address over the network with defined scope.

Computer Technical Support Interview Questions
Question 6. What Are The Types Fsmo Roles?

Answer :

The are five FSMO roles:

Primary Domain Controller (PDC)
Infrastructure master
Relative ID (RID) master
Schema master
Domain naming master

Question 7. What Is Active Directory?

Answer :

Active Directory is Microsoft directory services used on Windows servers. Active directory is a centralized database for users, computers, networks, printers, files etc.

Networking Interview Questions
Question 8. What Do Forests, Trees, And Domains Mean?

Answer :

Domain, tree and forest are a logical structure in Active Directory.

Domain: A domain is a collection of computers, users, and objects which share common AD and has trust relationships.

Tree: A tree collection of one or more domain.

Forest: The forest is the top of the Active Directory structure. It is consists of multiple trees which share a common global catalog.

Question 9. What Is Domain Controller?

Answer :

Domain Controller is used in windows based operating systems for security authentication of users, computers etc. It is a central database for storing users account information and security enforcement. For example, DC helps which users to allow or deny the access to a particular folder in a particular domain.

Exchange Server 2010 Interview Questions
Question 10. Explain About Hyper-v?

Answer :

Hyper-V is Microsoft’s virtualization tool for creating multiple virtual machines on a single physical server, thus reducing the cost of hardware and improving efficiency.

Question 11. What Is Ldap?

Answer :

LDAP is a Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. The directory services are just like a database for storing computers, users, objects etc. which helps in adding, removing and updating computer objects in the directory.

Active Directory Interview Questions
Question 12. What Is Wds?

Answer :

Windows Deployment Services helps for installing Windows operating system(OS) remotely over the network

Network Technical Support Interview Questions
Question 13. What Is Wsus?

Answer :

Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) is developed by Microsoft to manage the distribution of updates in Windows environment.

Question 14. What Is Powershell?

Answer :

Windows PowerShell is Command-Line Shell developed by Microsoft. The main purpose of the PowerShell is to automate administrative tasks which work both local and remote windows machines. PowerShell is built on .NET Framework.

Question 15. What Is Replication?

Answer :

Replication is a process in active directory which keeps domain controller syncs with other DC over the network.

Desktop Support Interview Questions
Question 16. What Is Schema?

Answer :

Schema is a master database which contains all the information about the object in Active Directory.

Question 17. What Is Trust Relationship?

Answer :

Trust relationship allows access between different domains or forest.

VMware Infrastructure with ESX Server and VirtualCenter Interview Questions

Question 18. What Is Server Manager?

Answer :

It is utility tool in Windows Servers for the administrator for managing servers roles(like adding or removing server roles.


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